The Rules of War Blog is managed by the American Red Cross International Humanitarian Law team.
Randy Bagwell, U.S. Army Colonel (Ret)
Senior Director, International Services, U.S. Programs
Colonel (retired) Randy Bagwell serves as the Senior Director of International Services, U.S. Programs at the American Red Cross. This includes International Humanitarian Law, the IHL Youth Action Campaign, Restoring Family Links, and Missing Maps. at the American Red Cross. In this role, he supervises the IHL Team in the execution of their mission to educate and inform the American public on IHL. Prior to joining the American Red Cross, Randy was a career U.S. Army officer serving in the Judge Advocate General’s Corps.
Randy last served in the army as Dean at the U.S. Army Judge Advocate General’s School in Charlottesville, Virginia. The U.S. Army Judge Advocate General’s School is the only American Bar Association accredited law school within the U.S. government and is authorized to award a Masters in Laws degree in Military Law. In addition to his duties as Dean, Randy also taught classes in IHL and leadership. He has also taught IHL at the U.S. Naval War College, the Defense Institute of International Legal Studies, the NATO School in Oberammergau, Germany, and the International Institute of Humanitarian Law in Sanremo, Italy. Additionally, he has taught IHL as an officer in the U.S. Army in over twenty countries.
As a Judge Advocate, Randy advised senior military commanders on a wide variety of legal issues serving as the senior legal advisor (known as a Staff Judge Advocate) for U.S. Army Alaska, 3rd Infantry Division, and I Corps. In these positions, he participated in numerous operational exercises where he advised on IHL.
Randy’s operational deployments include Hungary in support of operations in Bosnia in 1996. With the 82nd Airborne Division as the Staff Judge Advocate for Coalition Task Force – 82 in Bagram, Afghanistan, 2002-2003. In Bagdad, Iraq as the Chief of Operational Law for Multinational Forces – Iraq, 2006-2007. Finally, with 3rd Infantry Division to Kandahar, Afghanistan as the U.S. Staff Judge Advocate and Senior NATO Legal Advisor to NATO Regional Command – South, 2012-2013. During these deployments in addition to leading legal teams addressing a variety of legal issues, Randy personally advised senior commanders on issues such as targeting, detention, and rule of law.
A frequent speaker and writer in IHL, Randy’s primary focus has been in the area of self-defense in IHL.
Randy retired in June 2018 with 29 years of active duty service and over 36 years of combined Active Duty, Army Reserve and National Guard service. He has four times been awarded the Legion of Merit and three times the Bronze Star for meritorious service.
Program Officer, International Humanitarian Law: Youth Programs
Larissa joined the IHL Red Cross team in the Summer of 2020 after nearly 4 years of service with the American Red Cross in Volunteer Services both on a regional and national level. Prior to her service with the Red Cross, Larissa worked abroad and domestically, for organizations including Habitat for Humanity, serving marginalized communities, and managing youth development programs for over a decade. She holds a Bachelors in Nonprofit Management and Peace and Conflict Studies and MPA with a concentration in Nonprofit and Organizational Leadership. Outside her academic career, Larissa volunteers on the board and as a trip leader of YES, a youth service organization that teaches young adults about the poverty in their own cities and how to implement their skills in the healing of their communities.
Christian Jorgensen, J.D.
Legal Advisor, International Humanitarian Law
Program Officer, IHL Dissemination
Christian Jorgensen is an IHL Legal Advisor for the American Red Cross-National Headquarters. His early professional and academic work focused on public international law, emphasizing International Human Rights Law and Refugee Law. Before pursuing his law degree, Christian assisted in asylum cases in the UK under Dr. Barbara Harrel-Bond, OBE in Oxford, UK. Following his time in Oxford, he worked as a political and legal analyst for a Berlin-based media-startup, focusing much of his reporting on the 2017 French presidential candidates' immigration policies. He later worked in Nicosia, Cyprus as a researcher on the topic of nationality rights and statelessness and coauthored a pedological guide for the European Union's NICeR Project (Nouvelles Approches pour l'Intégration Culturelle des Jeunes Réfugiés). Additionally, he is a past international legal fellow for Dejusticia, a legal think-tank based in Bogotá, Colombia. He has also been an invited panelist on news networks worldwide to speak on migration and law. Outside his work with the American Red Cross, Christian serves as co-editor of the monthly refugee legal newsletter, Rights in Exile.
Christian holds a BA in Political Science (University of Iowa), an MSc in Refugee and Forced Migration Studies (DePaul University), a JD (University of New Mexico School of Law), and is currently studying to receive his LL.M. in International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law (Europa-Universität Viadrina). He is a licensed attorney in the State of Iowa.
Clara Barton International Humanitarian Law Fellow
Claudia is a New Zealander but was raised in Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia. She has a Bachelor of Arts in Human Rights and Art History from Bard College, and a Juris Doctor, with a concentration in International Law, from Boston University School of Law.
Claudia's interest in international law stems from her upbringing but was solidified when she volunteered in two refugee camps in Greece after undergrad. There she gained an understanding of how international human rights law should work on the ground but was quickly exposed to the lack of enforcement. This is what motivated her to attend law school. During her time at BU, Claudia was a staff attorney in the International Human Rights Clinic, where her project focused on statelessness in Lebanon and the greater MENA region, a staff member on the American Journal of Law and Medicine, and was the policy director and intake volunteer for the International Refugee Assistance Project. In her summers, Claudia interned for Reprieve U.K. and the Refugee Solidarity Network. Claudia developed her passion for IHL, and particularly the intersection between IHRL and IHL, after taking Law and War and conducting research for Professor Rebecca Ingber. Outside of IHL and IHRL, Claudia is interested in privacy and national security law.
Henry P. Davison International Humanitarian Law Fellow
Julia holds an LL.M. from the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights (Switzerland) and an LL.B. from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil).
Julia's interest in international law started in 2015, during her participation at the Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court Competition. She developed her passion for IHL and IHRL through working as a legal assistant at GAIRE, a legal aid service for refugees in Brazil and as a Visiting Professional at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Julia then pursued an LL.M. in International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights, during which she interned at the International Committee of the Red Cross and the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research.
Currently Julia is the Henry Pomeroy Davison Fellow and works as an international humanitarian law consultant at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul's IHL Clinic. She is involved in research projects about rebel governance, girls soldiers, and critical approaches to international law.
International Humanitarian Law Intern
Amanda is a Legal Intern in the International Humanitarian Law and Office of the General Counsel departments of the American Red Cross. She holds a Bachelor’s degree from the University of Florida with a double major in Political Science and International Studies (Middle East regional focus), a minor in Arabic, and an International Relations certificate. Amanda is currently in her final semester of J.D. studies at Case Western Reserve University School of Law, and will graduate with a curricular concentration in Public International Law in May 2021. Amanda was driven to attend law school after learning about the humanitarian and human rights crises civilians in the Middle East have faced in recent years.
Over the course of her legal studies, Amanda has interned for a human rights organization abroad, a Federal Public Defender’s office, the Residual Special Court for Sierra Leone, and Catholic Charities Immigration Legal Services. Additionally, Amanda serves as a Symposium Editor and Senior Editor of the Case Western Journal of International Law and as the Chief Analyst of the Yemen Accountability Project based out of Case Western, which documents reports of war crimes in the Yemen conflict. Amanda intends to sit for the D.C. Bar Exam in July 2021 and hopes to work to improve the quality of life of people internationally and to assist those who come to the U.S. for a better life.
International Humanitarian Law Intern
Kimia joined the IHL team as an intern in January after working as an intern for the American Red Cross’ Government Relations team for a year. She holds a B.A. in International Affairs with a focus in Global Public Health from The George Washington University. Set to attend law school in the fall of 2021, Kimia has experience interning with multiple law firms in the D.C. area including a non-profit focus on human trafficking prevention and recovery. Kimia’s interest in international law began during her time abroad in Geneva, Switzerland where she visited the ICRC and learned about IHL. During her time there, Kimia researched and produced an independent comparative study on how female refugees have access to family planning in Switzerland, Turkey and Pakistan. As a part of her research, she interviewed members of the UNFPA, the Swiss Refugee Council, and Doctors Without Borders.
Born as a first generation American to two Iranian parents, Kimia speaks fluent Farsi and has also been studying Mandarin for the last ten years. She has a passion for both of these languages and hopes to use them in her future career in the field of international law. She has a passion for IHL, especially in the role that gender plays during times of armed conflict. Outside of IHL, Kimia is interested in public health policy and the intersection between public health and armed conflict.